State NEW MEXICO
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Gallup is a city in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States.
The population was 20,209 at the 2000 census.
It is the county seat of McKinley County.
Gallup was founded in 1891 as a railhead for the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad.
The City was named after David Gallup, a paymaster for the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad.
It is the most populous city between Albuquerque, New Mexico and Flagstaff, Arizona.
Gallup is sometimes called the "Indian Capital of the World", for its location in the heart of Native American lands,
and the presence of Navajo, Zuni, Hopi and other tribes.
One-third of the city's population have Native American roots.
Gallup has references the huge impact of the Native American Cultures found in and around Gallup.
Route 66 runs through Gallup, and the town's name is mentioned in the lyrics to the song, Route 66.
In 2003, the U.S. and New Mexico Departments of Transportation renamed US Highway 666,
the city's other major highway to Route 491.
Gallup was the subject of a 20/20 mini-documentary about the city's problems with alcohol.
Gallup has a large socioeconomic poor population due to its proximity to Indian reservations and
historic lack of economic development in addition to many mine closures in the 1970s and 1980s.
The Historic El Rancho Hotel has hosted a numerous aray of movie stars from John Wayne to
Former President Ronald Reagan to Stars like Humphrey Bogart, Spencer Tracy, Katherine Hepburn
and Kirk Douglas.
Gallup was the setting as the center of activity in a 2006 Sci Fi Channel mini-series
The Lost Room starring Peter Krause. Rapper Akon filmed a music video on the West Side of Gallup in 2005.
The movie Natural Born Killers was filmed in part in Gallup in 1994 and starred Woody Harrelson, Juliette Lewis,
Tom Sizemore, and was directed by Oliver Stone.
Gallup is a forerunner of racial diversity and civil rights issues.
The city long opposed racial discrimination of its black residents, the majority of them lived in the city's
West side in the 1940s before the US Civil rights movement took place.[
During World War II, the city fought successfully to prevent 800 Japanese American residents
from being placed in wartime internment.
A sizable Palestinian community of about 600 persons can be found, they first arrived from Palestine
or the state of Israel in the 1970's, and are found in the Southwestern arts and jewelry industries.
read full wikipedia reference about Gallup, New Mexico
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