KE NANI KAI RESORT MAUNA LOA
Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on earth. It is an active shield volcano, with a volume estimated at approximately
18,000 cubic miles (75,000 km³), although its peak is about 120 feet (37 m) lower than that of its neighbor, Mauna Kea,
another of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawai'i.
The Hawaiian name "Mauna Loa" means "Long Mountain". Lava eruptions from it are silica-poor,
thus very fluid: and as a result eruptions tend to be non-explosive and the volcano has extremely shallow slopes.
The volcano has probably been erupting for at least 700,000 years and may have emerged above sea level
about 400,000 years ago, although the oldest-known dated rocks do not extend beyond 200,000 years.
Its magma comes from the Hawaii hotspot, which has been responsible for the creation of the Hawaiian island
chain for tens of millions of years.
The slow drift of the Pacific Plate will eventually carry the volcano away from the hotspot, and the volcano
will thus become extinct within 500,000 to one million years from now.
Mauna Loa's most recent eruption occurred from March 24, 1984, to April 15, 1984. No recent eruptions
of the volcano have caused fatalities, but eruptions in 1926 and 1950 destroyed villages, and the city of Hilo
is partly built on lava flows from the late nineteenth century.
In view of the hazards it poses to population centers, Mauna Loa is part of the Decade Volcanoes program,
which encourages studies of the most dangerous volcanoes.
Mauna Loa has been intensively monitored by the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) since 1912.
Observations of the atmosphere are undertaken at the Mauna Loa Observatory, and of the Sun at the
Mauna Loa Solar Observatory, both located near its summit. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park covers the
summit and the southeastern flank of the volcano, including a separate volcano, Kilauea.
read full wikipedia reference about Mauna Loa, Hawai'i
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