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Roses is a municipality in the comarca of the Alt Empordà in Catalonia, Spain.
It is situated on the coast at the northern end of the Gulf of Roses,
and is an important fishing port and tourist centre.
The C-260 road links the town with Figueres.
The origins of Roses (Greek: Rhode) are disputed.
A popular theory holds it was founded in the 8th century BC by
Greek colonists from Rhodes.
It seems more probable, however, that it was founded in the
5th century BC by Greeks from Massalia (Marseilles),
perhaps with an admixture of colonists from neighbouring Empúries.
Remains of the Greek settlement can still be seen.
Remains from the Roman period go back to the 2nd century BC
and continue well into Christian times with a paleochristian church and necropolis.
After the collapse of Roman power the town seems to have been abandoned,
but a fortified settlement from the Visigothic period has been excavated on
the nearby Puig Rom.
The monastery of Santa Maria de Roses is mentioned for the first time in a
document of the year 944.
Around this monastery grew the mediaeval town of Roses,
which fell under the shared jurisdiction of the abbots of Santa Maria de Roses
and the counts of Empúries.
In 1402 the county of Empúries was incorporated in the Crown of Aragon and Roses
acquired the right to organise its own municipal government.
read full wikipedia reference about Roses, Spain
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