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Tromsø is a city and municipality in the county of Troms, Norway.
The area has been inhabited since the end of the ice age,
and the Sámi culture is the first known culture of the region.
Speakers of Norse, the ancestor of Norwegian brought their culture to
the area during the migrations of the Vikings before AD 890, when
Ohthere's settlement existed to the south of today's Tromsø.
The first church on the island of Tromsøya was erected in the 13th century,
and the area one of Denmark-Norway's very northernmost territories not
contested by Russia.
During the 1600s, Denmark-Norway solidified its claim to the northern coast
of Scandinavia and during this period a redoubt, Skansen, was built.
Tromsø was issued its city charter in 1794 by King Christian VII.
The city was established as a municipality January 1, 1838
The rural municipalities of Tromsøysund and Ullsfjord, and most of Hillesøy,
were merged with Tromsø January 1, 1964.
The population of Tromsø municipality is 63,596, and the urban area,
Norway's ninth most populous, is home to 53,622 people.
Most of Tromsø, including the city centre, is located on the small island of
Tromsøya in the county of Troms, 350 km (217 mi) inside the arctic circle.
The island is connected to the mainland by the Tromsø Bridge and the
Tromsøysund Tunnel, and to the island of Kvaløya by the Sandnessund Bridge.
The city is warmer than most other places located on the same latitude,
due to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream, with an average January temperature of -4 °C.
Tromsø is still quite cool in the summer, with a 24-hour average of 12 °C and
average daily high of 15°C in July.
The city centre of Tromsø contains the highest number of old wooden houses
in North Norway, the oldest house dating from 1789.
The Arctic Cathedral, a modern church from 1965, is probably the most famous
landmark in Tromsø.
The city is a cultural centre for its region, several festivals taking place in the summer.
The largest football team in the city, Tromsø I.L, plays in the Norwegian Premier League.
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