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Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Greek: Panormus) is a historic city in
southern Italy, the capital of the autonomous region Sicily and the
province of Palermo.
The city is noted for its rich history, culture, architecture and gastronomy,
playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old.
Palermo is located in the north-west of the island of Sicily, right by the
Gulf of Palermo in the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The city was founded by the Phoenicians, but named by the Ancient Greeks as
Panormus meaning all port.
Palermo became part of the Roman Republic and eventually part of the
Byzantine Empire, for over a thousand years.
For a brief period it was under Arab rule where it first became a capital.
Following the Norman reconquest, Palermo would become capital of a new
kingdom from 1130 to 1816 the Kingdom of Sicily.
Eventually it would be united with the Kingdom of Naples to form the
Two Sicilies until the Italian unification of 1860.
The metropolitan area of Palermo is the fifth most populated in Italy and in the
top eighty of the largest in all of Europe with around 1.2 million people.
In the central area, the city itself has a population of around 670 thousand people,
the inhabitants are known as Palermitans or poetically panormiti,
the language spoke by its inhabitants is the Sicilian language.
The religion of Roman Catholicism is highly important in Palermitan culture,
the patron saint of the city is Saint Rosalia, her feast day on July 15 is perhaps
the biggest social event in the city.
The area attracts significant amounts of tourists each year and is widely
known for its colourful fruit, vegetable and fish market at the heart of
Palermo known as the Vucciria.
read full wikipedia reference about Palermo, Italy
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