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Mysore (to be renamed Mysuru) is the second largest city in the
state of Karnataka, India.
It is the headquarters of the Mysore district and the Mysore division
and lies about 146 km (91 mi) southwest of Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka.
The name Mysore is an anglicised version of Mahishu-ru, which
means the abode of Mahisha.
Mahisha stands for Mahishasura, a spirit from the Hindu mythology.
The city is spread across an area of 128.42 km² (50 sq mi) and is situated
at the base of the Chamundi Hills.
Until 1947, Mysore was the capital of the Kingdom of Mysore which was
ruled by the Wodeyar dynasty, except for a brief period in the late 18th century
when Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan usurped power.
The Wodeyars were patrons of art and culture and have contributed significantly
to the cultural growth of the city, which has led to Mysore earning the sobriquet
Cultural capital of Karnataka.
Mysore is famous for the festivities that take place during the Dasara festival
when the city receives a large number of tourists.
Mysore also lends its name to the Mysore style of painting,
the sweet dish Mysore Pak and the garment, Mysore silk saree.
While tourism is the major industry in Mysore, the growth of
information technology related industry in the first decade of the 21st century,
has resulted in the city emerging as the second largest software exporter
in the state of Karnataka, next to Bangalore.
Though lacking an airport, Mysore is connected to other parts of India by
railways and road transport.
Mysore is also the location of Mysore University, whose alumni include
Kuvempu, Gopalakrishna Adiga, S. L. Bhyrappa, U. R. Ananthamurthy
and N.R. Narayana Murthy.
The All India Radio, the premier radio broadcasting arm of the
Government of India had its beginnings here.
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