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Jammu is one of the three regions comprising India's northernmost state
of Jammu and Kashmir.
Jammu borders Kashmir, the disputed part of the state, to the north, Ladakh to the east,
Himachal Pradesh to the south.
Sandwiched between the Vale of Kashmir to the north and the Daman Koh Plains
to the south, the Shivalik Range comprises most of the region of Jammu.
The Pir Panjal Range, the Trikuta Hills and the low-lying Tawi River basin adds beauty
and diversity to the terrain of Jammu.
Jammu also known as "City of Temples" has innumerable temples and shrines,
with glittering shikhars soaring into the sky, dot the citys skyline, creating the
ambience of a holy and peaceful city.
Home to some of the most popular Hindu shrines, such as Vaishno Devi,
Jammu is one of the most famous pilgrimage tourism destinations in India.
Once a seat of the Dogra Rajput dynasty, Jammu came under the control of
Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the 19-century and became a part of the Sikh Kingdom.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh soon appointed Gulab Singh the ruler of Jammu.
After the defeat of The Sikh Kingdom by the British, the bankrupt Sikh court
transferred the entire hill country to the British as war reparations.
Not having the resources to occupy the hills immediately after annexing parts
of Punjab, the British recognized Maharaja Gulab Singh, the strongest ruler north
of the Sutlej River, as ruler of Jammu & Kashmir.
But for this he had to pay a sum of Rs. 75 Lakhs in cash...this payment being legal as
the Maharaja was a former vassal of the Sikh Kingdom and was partly responsible
for its treaty obligations.
Maharaja Gulab Singh is thus creditited as the founder of Jammu and Kashmir.
After his descendant Maharaja Hari Singh, the last ruler of Jammu and Kashmir,
signed the Instrument of Accession in 1947, Jammu became 'a part' of the Union of India.
Jammu enjoys the status of an administrative division within the state of
Jammu and Kashmir.
Jammu city, the largest city in the region, is the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
The majority of Jammu's 2.7 million population practices Hinduism,
while Islam and Sikhism enjoy a strong cultural heritage in the region.
Due to relatively better infrastructure, Jammu has emerged as the main economic center of the state.
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