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Darjeeling is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal.
It is the headquarters of Darjeeling district, in the Shiwalik Hills on the
lower range of the Himalaya, at an average elevation of 6,982 ft (2,134 m).
During the British Raj in India, Darjeeling's temperate climate led to its
development as a hill station (hill town) for British residents to escape
the heat of the plains during the summers.
Darjeeling is internationally famous for its tea industry and the
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The tea plantations date back to the mid 19th century as part of a
British development of the area.
The tea growers of the area developed distinctive hybrids of black tea and
fermenting techniques, with many blends considered among the world's finest.
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway connecting the town with the plains was
declared a World Heritage Site in 1999 and is one of the few steam engines
still in service in India.
Darjeeling has several British-style public schools, which attract students
from many parts of India and neighbouring countries.
The town, along with neighbouring Kalimpong was a major center for the
demand of a separate Gorkhaland state in the 1980s, the democratic movement
for a separate state has begun again, this time without any accompanying violence.
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