Heraklion, Greece Hotels,
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Heraklion or Iraklion, is the largest city and capital of Crete.
It is also the fourth largest city in Greece.
Its name is also spelled Herakleion, a transliteration of the ancient Greek and
Katharevousa name, or Iraklio, among other variants.
For centuries it was known as Candia, a Venetian adaptation of the
earlier Greek name, which in turn came from the Arabic rabd.
Under the Ottoman Empire, it was called Kandiye.
In the local vernacular, it is often called (Kástro, "castle") and
its inhabitants Kastrinoí, "castle dwellers".
Heraklion is the capital of Heraklion Prefecture, with an international airport
named after the writer Nikos Kazantzakis.
The ruins of Knossos, which were excavated and restored by Arthur Evans, are nearby.
read full wikipedia reference about Heraklion, Greece
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