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Turku is the oldest and fifth largest city in Finland, with a population of 175 286 (31.12.2007).
Located at 60.27° N 22.16° E at the mouth of the Aura river in the south west of the country,
it is the capital city of both the region of Finland Proper and the province of Western Finland,
as well as being the centre of the country's third largest urban area, with around 300,000 inhabitants.
Turku has one of the largest Finland-Swedish populations in the country.
Due to its location, the Port of Turku is one of the busiest seaports in Finland with around
3.7 million passengers per year.
Turku has a cultural identity as Finland's historical centre, as it was the largest city in the country
for a very long time and has served as the second city of the Swedish Empire when
Finland was under its rule.
After being informally the capital of Finland for hundreds of years, Turku was also the capital of the
Grand Duchy of Finland from 1809 to 1812 after which time Helsinki was made the capital,
because Helsinki was considered being more loyal and closer to the Russian Empire than Turku.
Turku also hosted the country's first university, The Royal Academy of Turku until it was
transferred to the new capital after the Great Fire of Turku, 1827.
Its belongings are still in the possession of the University of Helsinki, excluding the material
of its library, that burnt along with the Great Fire.
Turku is one of the leading cities of Finnish Biotechnology and Information and
A majority of Finnish medicine manufacturers and researchers operate in Turku.
Turku has been designated by the European Union to be the European Capital of Culture
for the year 2011, together with Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.
read full wikipedia reference about Turku, Finland
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