Tucuman, Argentina Hotels,
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San Miguel de Tucumán (usually referred to as simply Tucumán) is the largest city in north Argentina,
with a population of 525,853 per the 2001 census [INDEC].
The metropolitan area totals 806,000, making it the fifth-largest in the country.
It is the capital of the province of Tucumán. It was founded in 1565 by Spanish Diego de Villarroel
travelling south from Peru and was moved to the present site in 1685.
The city is bordered on the north by Las Talitas (Tafí Viejo), on the east by Banda del Río Salí
and Alderetes (Cruz Alta), on the west by the city of Yerba Buena, and on the south by Lules.
The city sits on the slopes of the Aconquija mountains, the easternmost mountain range before
the large Chaco-Pampean flats. It is the commercial center of an irrigated area that produces large
quantities of sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and fruit, and provides the province with its nickname,
the Garden of the Republic.
The National University of Tucumán (1914) and the Saint Thomas Aquinas University of the North (1965)
are in the city.
On July 9, 1816 a congress gathered in Tucumán declared the independence from Spain,
which did not officially recognize it until 1862.
The meeting place of the congress, the House of Tucumán, has been reconstructed as a
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